NASA's Heliophysics Division operates a fleet of spacecraft to monitor the Sun's activity and how its changes drive space weather. We show how science and mission capabilities can be enhanced by deep learning:
(a) mega-Kelvin thermometry of the Sun's corona by using a deep neural network (DNN) to solve a compressed sensing problem, and
(b) revival of a spectrograph by using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) to measure the Sun's extreme UV spectral irradiance. This work was done at NASA's Frontier Development Lab, a public-private partnership between NASA and industry partners (including the SETI Institute, NVIDIA, IBM, Lockheed Martin, Google, Intel & kx).